Global HIV/AIDS situationn







  • Number of people living with HIV: 36.7 million
  • People newly infected with HIV: 1.8 million.
  • AIDS-related deaths: 940,000 people.
  • 20.9 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy.
  • 75% of all people living with HIV knew their status.

Source: UNAIDS, 2018

HIV/AIDS situation by region

Region People living with HIV New infections 2017 AIDS deaths 2017 People accessing treatment 2017
Eastern and southern Africa 19.6 million 800 000 380 000 12.9 million
Latin America 1.8 million 100 000 37 000 1.1 million
The Caribbean 310 000 15 000 10 000 181 000
Asia and the Pacific 5.2 million 280 000 170 000 2.7 million
Eastern Europe and central Asia 1.4 million 130 000 34 000 520 000
Middle East and North Africa 220 000 18 000 98 000 63 200
Western and central Europe and North America 2.2 million 70 000 13 000 1.7 million

Source: UNAIDS, 2018

For HIV prevalence rates by country go to http://aidsinfo.unaids.org/

HIV in Australia



  • An estimated 26,444 people were living with HIV in Australia with 1013 newly diagnosed in 2016.
  • The main mode of HIV transmission continues to be sexual contact between men, which accounted for 70% of diagnosis in 2016; a further 21% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 5% to sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, and 1% to injecting drug use only.
  • An estimated 2796 (11%) people living with HIV were unaware of their HIV status (undiagnosed). About 33% of all new HIV cases were diagnosed late.
  • Among people reporting heterosexual sex as their exposure risk 43% were diagnosed late in 2016, compared with 29% in those reporting male to male sex.
  • 72% of all people living with HIV had a suppressed viral load in 2016.
  • Australia is on track to achieve the UNAIDS set 2020 targets of 90% of all people living with HIV diagnosed, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV on antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy to have suppressed viral load.

Source: Kirby Institute, 2017

HIV among culturally and linguistically diverse communities in Australia:

  • At least 14% of all people newly diagnosed with HIV in 2016 spoke a language other than English at home.
  • People born in South-East Asia had the highest proportion with undiagnosed HIV (27%), compared with people born in sub Saharan Africa (11%) and other countries (11%).
  • The proportion with late diagnoses was higher in people with heterosexual sex as their HIV risk exposure (47%).

Source: Kirby Institute, 2017

Newly diagnosed HIV notification per 100,000 population in Australia, years 2006 and 2016, by region of birth

Region 2006 2016
Australia 3.8 3.4
Oceania and Antarctica 7.5 5.6
North-West Europe 4.3 2.7
Southern and Eastern Europe 2.4 1.7
North Africa and the Middle East 6.1 2.7
South-East Asia 15.3 17.1
North-East Asia 2.6 7.3
Southern and Central Asia 2.9 4.1
Americas 9 17.3
Sub-Saharan Africa 27.3 10.9

Source: Kirby Institute, 2017

HIV in NSW

Of 1013 new HIV diagnoses in Australia in 2016:
• 317 (31%) occurred in NSW. (Kirby Institute, 2017)
• 70% were reported to be via male-to-male (MSM) sex, 21% via heterosexual sex in NSW. (NSW Health data, 2017).